* * *
In their Encyclopedia, Insight on the Scriptures, Volume 1, p969, on the subject of "God," the JWs teach this:
His attributes. The true God is not omnipresent, for he is spoken of as having a location. (1Ki 8:49; Joh 16:28; Heb 9:24) His throne is in heaven. (Isa 66:1) He is all-powerful, being the Almighty God. (Ge 17:1; Re 16:14) “All things are naked and openly exposed to the eyes of him,” and he is “the One telling from the beginning the finale.” (Heb 4:13; Isa 46:10, 11; 1Sa 2:3) His power and knowledge extend everywhere, reaching every part of the universe.—2Ch 16:9; Ps 139:7-12; Am 9:2-4.And on the topic of "Heaven," Insight, Volume 1, p1060, says:
Solomon, the constructor of the temple at Jerusalem, stated that the “heavens, yes, the heaven of the heavens” cannot contain God. (1Ki 8:27) As the Creator of the heavens, Jehovah’s position is far above them all, and “his name alone is unreachably high. His dignity is above earth and heaven.” (Ps 148:13) Jehovah measures the physical heavens as easily as a man would measure an object by spreading his fingers so that the object lies between the tips of the thumb and the little finger. (Isa 40:12) Solomon’s statement does not mean that God has no specific place of residence. Nor does it mean that he is omnipresent in the sense of being literally everywhere and in everything. This can be seen from the fact that Solomon also spoke of Jehovah as hearing “from the heavens, your established place of dwelling,” that is, the heavens of the spirit realm.—1Ki 8:30, 39.Clearly, the JWs have conflated the ways in which God can be present somewhere, and thus concluded God is literally 'confined' to "a specific place of residence". In their mind, even though the location is spiritual, it is none the less a confined area, and God must operate 'from' this place. The tough part about discussing this subject is that the JW argument is based on half-truths, so that while a lot of what they say is true, even backed up with Scripture, the final conclusions are wrong.
* * *
In the Watchtower, April 15, 1998 issue, here is what it says on page 6:
Does God Foreknow Everything?
All the arguments in support of predestination are based on the supposition that since God undeniably has the power to foreknow and determine future events, he must foreknow everything, including the future actions of every individual. Is this supposition sound, however? What God reveals in his Holy Scriptures indicates otherwise.
For example, the Scriptures say that “God put Abraham to the test” by commanding him to sacrifice his son Isaac as a burnt offering. When Abraham was about to sacrifice Isaac, God stopped him and said: “Now I do know that you are God-fearing in that you have not withheld your son, your only one, from me.” (Genesis 22:1-12) Would God have made that statement if he knew in advance that Abraham would obey this command? Would it have been an honest test?
Furthermore, the ancient prophets report that God repeatedly spoke of himself as ‘feeling regret’ over something he had done or was thinking of doing. For example, God said that he “regretted [from the Hebrew na‧cham′] that he had made Saul king over Israel.” (1 Samuel 15:11, 35; compare Jeremiah 18:7-10; Jonah 3:10.) Because God is perfect, these verses cannot mean that God made a mistake in selecting Saul to be Israel’s first king. Rather, they must indicate that God felt sorry that Saul turned out to be faithless and disobedient. God’s using such an expression in referring to himself would be nonsensical if he had foreknown Saul’s actions.The account of Genesis 22:12 is good to keep in mind when talking to JWs, for you can hopefully convince them that it is wrong to say God doesn't know the future and thus the Watchtower has botched the truth. The Church Fathers have long taught and explained that the Bible uses phenomenological language - i.e. terms that apply to creation - in reference to God in order to help man better understand God. Ironically, the JWs give a perfect example of how to properly understand this: when the Bible says God "regretted" making Saul king, this cannot mean God made a mistake, but rather God was 'sad' that Saul turned out disobedient. This is a perfect example of how the lack of theological precision can lead to serious error, and 'anti-intellectual' groups like Mormons, Jehovah's Witnesses, and even many Protestants have often succumb to.
In Insight on the Scriptures, Volume 1, p853f, on the subject of "Foreknowledge," here is what the JWs teach:
Infinite exercise of foreknowledge? The argument that God’s not foreknowing all future events and circumstances in full detail would evidence imperfection on his part is, in reality, an arbitrary view of perfection. Perfection, correctly defined, does not demand such an absolute, all-embracing extension, inasmuch as the perfection of anything actually depends upon its measuring up completely to the standards of excellence set by one qualified to judge its merits. (See PERFECTION.) Ultimately, God’s own will and good pleasure, not human opinions or concepts, are the deciding factors as to whether anything is perfect.—De 32:4; 2Sa 22:31; Isa 46:10.
Selective exercise of foreknowledge. The alternative to predestinarianism, the selective or discretionary exercise of God’s powers of foreknowledge, would have to harmonize with God’s own righteous standards and be consistent with what he reveals of himself in his Word. In contrast with the theory of predestinarianism, a number of texts point to an examination by God of a situation then current and a decision made on the basis of such examination.
Thus, at Genesis 11:5-8 God is described as directing his attention earthward, surveying the situation at Babel, and, at that time, determining the action to be taken to break up the unrighteous project there. After wickedness developed at Sodom and Gomorrah, Jehovah advised Abraham of his decision to investigate (by means of his angels) to “see whether they act altogether according to the outcry over it that has come to me, and, if not, I can get to know it.” (Ge 18:20-22; 19:1) God spoke of ‘becoming acquainted with Abraham,’ and after Abraham went to the point of attempting to sacrifice Isaac, Jehovah said, “For now I do know that you are God-fearing in that you have not withheld your son, your only one, from me.”—Ge 18:19; 22:11, 12; compare Ne 9:7, 8; Ga 4:9.
Selective foreknowledge means that God could choose not to foreknow indiscriminately all the future acts of his creatures. This would mean that, rather than all history from creation onward being a mere rerun of what had already been foreseen and foreordained, God could with all sincerity set before the first human pair the prospect of everlasting life in an earth free from wickedness.The first paragraph is obviously problematic, and a clear set up for an erroneous conclusion. It turns perfection from something objective (i.e. clear and definite) into something subjective (i.e. based upon changing feelings). By the JW logic, God could - if He really wanted to - say sin or Satan or error is compatible with being "perfect". And of course, the JWs falsely conflate foreknowledge with fore-ordination (i.e. God causes to happen everything in the future), and thus conclude God cannot know everything. But is it not totally absurd to say God can have "selective foreknowledge," as if He could differentiate what He wants to know with what He chooses not to know (or even forget)? Such a claim is proof in itself that the JW claim is false.